Bulletin

Reminder: CRA Deadline for Eliminating HST/GST Joint Venture Reporting by Nominees

Authors: Neal H. Armstrong and Paul Lamarre

As a follow-up to our communication dated February 7, 2014, this is a reminder of the December 2014 deadline imposed by Canada Revenue Agency for disallowing joint venture arrangements in which nominee corporations may file HST/GST returns and remit HST/GST for the joint venture.

Background

A joint venture election made for HST or GST purposes permits most purchases and sales made for the account of a qualifying joint venture (such as co-ownership of rental real estate and various types of joint venture arrangements in the resources sector) to be reported on the HST/GST returns of a qualifying “participant” in the joint venture where the co-venturers have elected for that participant to be the “operator” of the joint venture for HST/GST purposes. There is essentially the same rule for Québec sales tax purposes. Such a “joint venture election” avoids the inconvenience of reporting the joint venture results pro rata in all the HST/GST (or QST) returns of the co-venturers.

It has been common, especially in real estate joint ventures, for nominee or “bare trustee” corporations to be designated as the HST/GST operator. The CRA has indicated in a number of recent interpretations that this practice does not accord with its interpretation of the applicable provision. However, the CRA’s administrative practice has been to generally refrain from assessing the co-venturers for their “share” of the joint venture’s tax remittance obligations, provided that the right amount of tax has been reported and remitted under the nominee returns.

December 2014 Deadline

In light of the CRA announcement that it is now ceasing its “administrative tolerance” of such arrangements after this year, participants in joint ventures that have made the joint venture election should review those arrangements to assess whether they comply with the CRA’s policies – and if they do not, give careful consideration to restructuring those arrangements before 2015.

Key Contacts

Expertise

Related

Federal Court of Appeal Says Funding Services Not Subject to GST/HST

Oct. 04, 2019 - In SLFI Group v Canada (2019 FCA 217), the Federal Court of Appeal (FCA) overturned a Tax Court of Canada (TCC) decision and ruled that a group of Canadian mutual funds (Funds) was not required to self-assess GST/HST on funding services provided by a U.S. entity, because these services were...

Extended Deadline for Québec Nominee Agreement Disclosure

Aug. 22, 2019 - As outlined in our e-communications of May 21, 2019, and August 12, 2019, Québec’s Ministry of Finance has introduced new rules regarding the disclosure of nominee agreements. The new disclosure requirement is relevant to nominee agreements involving one or more parties that are subject to Québec tax...